Summary of bookmarked websites for Historians: Historical Statistics (9 May update)

Excerpt from Employment: structure by sector and sex, 1807-1909

This summary update of subscription and free websites booked on the HFL Delicious pages focuses on historical statistics, esp. for British and European countries such as Ireland, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Sweden.

Subscription databases available to Oxford users:

Demographic Yearbook 1948-1997

Fifty years of data for 229 countries/areas from 1948 to 1997 covering:
World summary
*Population and vital statistics summary
*Population by sex, urban population and intercensal rate of increase
*Population by age and sex; derived measures of fertility

Fertility
*Live births by age of mother
*Live birth rates specific for age of mother
*Female population by age and number of children born alive
*Female population by age and number of children living

Mortality
*Expectation of life at exact ages
*Deaths by age and sex
*Death rates specific for age and sex

Nuptiality and divorce
*Population by age, sex and marital status, each census.

Elections in Western Europe since 1815

This CD-ROM contains the election results of 18 Western European countries from the nineteenth century until the present time (the last published election). The earliest election collected is the 1815 Norwegian election. Results have been collected at the level of the single constituencies. The information collected concerns the electorate, actual voters, and votes for single parties or candidates and is available in absolute figures and percentages (percentage distribution of votes by parties and percentage distribution of party votes by constituencies).

Historical Statistics of the United States

Historical Statistics of the United States has long been the standard source for quantitative indicators of American history. It has not been revised, however, since the Bicentennial Edition, which was published in 1975 and provided data through 1970. The period since then has witnessed an explosion of quantitative scholarship and the general expansion of the government’s statistical record keeping. By one estimate, more than three fourths of the data output of the U.S. government and more than 80 percent of the historical data series generated by scholars have been produced since 1970. No subject area and few data series have remained untouched by this phenomenal growth of the American quantitative record.

The revised, updated, and expanded Millennial Edition contains considerably more information than its immediate predecessor: five volumes rather than two, more than twice as many pages of data and documentation, and a tripling of the number of data series: 37,339 in the new edition. This expansion occurred along several dimensions. Most series from the previous edition were extended by roughly thirty years, and the coverage of most topics was enhanced. More than a dozen new topics were added: American Indians, slavery, outlying areas, poverty, non-profit organizations, and the Confederate States of America, to list a few examples. Finally, the chapters in the new edition are preceded by essays that introduce the quantitative history of their subject, provide a guide to the sources, and offer expert advice on the reliability of the data and the limits that might be placed on their interpretation.

Statistical Accounts of Scotland, The (1791-1845)

The ‘Old’ or ‘First’ Statistical Account of Scotland was undertaken in the 18th century under the direction of Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster (1754-1835), MP for Caithness. Known as ‘Agricultural Sir John’, he conceived a plan to ask parish ministers of the Church of Scotland all over Scotland to reply to a set of planned questions dealing with subjects such as the geography, climate, natural resources, and social customs of each parish. He defined his aim in 1790 as ‘to elucidate the Natural History and Political State of Scotland’. The returns from the parishes were published as they were received back from different parts of Scotland in a series of twenty-one volumes between 1791 and 1799.

The ‘New’ or ‘Second’ Statistical Account was suggested to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1832 by the Committee of the Society of the Sons and Daughters of the Clergy. Broadly, the ‘New’ Statistical Account followed the structure of the ‘Old’, but it also differed in that it included maps of the counties, and while the parish reports in the ‘Old’ were mostly prepared by the parish ministers, the ‘New’ Statistical Account also included contributions from other local figures such as schoolmasters and doctors. It was mostly written in the 1830s and published in fifty-two quarterly parts from 1834, culminating in being issued in 15 vol. in 1845. When it was published, the Committee presented it as ‘in great measure, the Statistical Account of a new country’.

Together, the Statistical Accounts provide vitally important reference sources for a critical half century spanning the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. They are locally created and factually based; the two Accounts allow comparisons to be made parish by parish at a time of rapid and significant change; and they offer a unique reference and research source for the study of local and national life in Scotland in this period.

Free web resources

Statistik-Links

A portal listing governmental statistical departments in the world. It’s not comprehensive, but still a good list.

A Vision of Britain through Time

An e-portal to over 12 million facts about places and lives in Britain, including new-to-view historic boundary maps, a land use survey that helped to defeat Hitler, unemployment and wage records, farm surveys from 1866, the biggest e-library of historic British travel writing and – with pointers for Gordon Brown and his rivals – the results of every Parliamentary election since 1833. Includes two centuries’ worth of facts, figures, surveys, maps, election results and travel writing showing how 15,000 UK places have changed. The changing story of Britain’s towns and villages can be explored in new depth online, which unites more than 200 years worth of official documents, maps and travel stories.

Histpop – The Online Historical Population Reports Website

The Online Historical Population Reports (OHPR) collection provides online access to the complete British population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937. The collection goes far beyond the basic population reports with a wealth of textual and statistical material which provide an in-depth view of the economy, society (through births, deaths and marriages) and medicine during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These 200,000 pages of census and registration material for the British Isles are supported by numerous ancillary documents from The National Archives, critical essays and transcriptions of important legislation which provide an aid to understanding the context, content and creation of the collection.

Census of Ireland 1901-11

View the Irish 1901 Census and perform a variety of searches under forename, surname and county as well as more advanced searches including religion, occupation, Irish language proficiency, specified illnesses and literacy status. Includes household returns and ancillary records for 32 counties for 1901-1911

Documenting Ireland: Parliament, People and Migration (DIPPAM)

DIPPAM is an online virtual archive of documents and sources relating to the history of Ireland and its migration experience from the 18C to late 20C. Includes Enhanced British Parliamentary Papers on Ireland, Irish Emigration Database and Voices of Migration and return:
EPPI is a database of 15,000 official publications relating to all aspects of Irish affairs during the period of the Union, including bills, reports, commisions of inquiry, and the published census reports. It is a rich source for the social history of Ireland, as well as for statistics relating to population, emigration and other subjects. The IED is a virtual library of 33K+ emigration-related primary sources, principally letters to and from emigrants. It covers a wide time period, but with a concentration on the period between c.1780 and c.1920. VMR comprises over 90 life-narrative interviews conducted with returned and non-returned migrants from Ulster.

Allen – Unger Global Commodity Prices Database

The Database presents price data, published in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, in machine-readable form. The original goal was to examine changes in prices and their relation to international trade in early modern Europe. Price series were then expanded from just staple grains and beyond a limited number of years to the entire period ranging from the earliest known series from the High Middle Ages and down to 1914. The geographical range as well as that of commodities continues to expand with continued research and coding of published data.

Documenting Ireland: Parliament, People and Migration (DIPPAM)

DIPPAM is an online virtual archive of documents and sources relating to the history of Ireland and its migration experience from the 18C to late 20C. Includes Enhanced British Parliamentary Papers on Ireland, Irish Emigration Database and Voices of Migration and return: EPPI is a database of 15,000 official publications relating to all aspects of Irish affairs during the period of the Union, including bills, reports, commisions of inquiry, and the published census reports. It is a rich source for the social history of Ireland, as well as for statistics relating to population, emigration and other subjects. The IED is a virtual library of 33K+ emigration-related primary sources, principally letters to and from emigrants. It covers a wide time period, but with a concentration on the period between c.1780 and c.1920. VMR comprises over 90 life-narrative interviews conducted with returned and non-returned migrants from Ulster.

Data Library (Nuffield College Library, Oxford)

The purpose of Nuffield’s Data Library is to store and maintain many of the important socio-economic datasets that are available for further analysis, and to facilitate access to the wealth of data that these contain.

Europa – Gateway to the European Union

A portal of EU information and documentation, statistics and opinion polls, archives, etc. Includes also the EU Bookshop Digital Library whcih includes all publications edited by the Publications Office on behalf of the EU institutions, agencies and other bodies since 1952. Some 110 000 EU publications are freely available.

Global Price and Income History Group – Europe

Maintained at the University of California , GPIH (Global Price and Income History Group) lists accessible primary source data’s for the history of Income and Prices including European Countries. Seems to cover medieval to modern history but is particularly strong in 19th and 20th centuries. Files are in excel format.

List of Datafiles of Historical Prices and Wages (International Institute of Social History)

International Institute of Social History (IISH) offers a “moderated list of datafiles of historical prices and wages.” The focus will be on data bases related to Europe and on non-European (in particular Asian) countries in the period before 1914. All data bases will not only include the data themselves, but also descriptions of the way in which they are constructed, the sources which are used, and relevant publications in which the data are analysed. Covers statistics relating to agriculture, finances, industry, prices and population.

Dutch Censuses 1795-1971 (Volkstellingen)

The Volkstellingen 1795-1971 (Dutch Censuses) website enables you to view or download most of the Dutch census tables, published in the period 1795-1971. The original records were scanned and digitized and are now freely available as images as well as MS Excel tables. In addition to the Excel record tables, this site includes many of the original census documents in Adobe PDF format.

Since 1997, the digitization of the data was accomplished during the course of three projects: Dutch Census Digitization 1795-1971, Dutch Census Data and Life Courses in Context. As a result of these three projects over 40,000 record pages were made digitally available to the public. [EHPS]

Dutch National accounts, 1800-1914.

The website reconstructs national income data concerning income, prices, foreign trade, production, employment and capital formation from 1800 to 1913. As well as offering an interpretative research report, the website gives access to statistics in html and downloadable as excel files.

Historical Monetary Statistics of Sweden 1668-2008 (Historisk monetär statistik i Sverige 1668-2008)/

A website which reconstruct historical monetary statistics of Sweden from 1668 (the founding year of the Riksbank) to the present. A preliminary version of a database is now online. Some of the time series stretch back to the early Middle Ages. The database is organised around the following sections: Prices. A Consumer Price Index is presented for the whole period 1290-2006 – Wages, from 1540 onwards. – Exchange rates. Contains exchange rates between various currency units existing in Sweden 1291-1834 and foreign exchange rates from 1658 onwards. – Money supply and closely related-related aggregates from 1871 onwards – Stock exchange and interest rates from 1856 onwards. – Central government loans from 1668 onwards.

Centre de Données Socio-Politiques CDSP

“Centre de Données Socio-Politiques (CDSP) is responsible for archiving and storing social science survey data in France. Its stores include results of national and local elections in France since 1958, EU surveys and survey data on political attitudes and regionalisation in France. The website provides information on the aims and remit of the centre. It includes free access to a catalogue of recent surveys, an increasing number of which can be directly downloaded from the website (after prior registration) These include political barometers (containing data on voting intentions and trends) Observation interrégionale du politique surveys on regional government and regionalisation in France. Most information is offered in French only. ” (Intute)

Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE)

The website of the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies which is responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France. It collects and publishes information on the French economy and society, carrying out the periodic national census. Located in Paris, it is the French branch of Eurostat, European Statistical System. The INSEE was created in 1946 as a successor to the National Statistics Service (SNS) created under Vichy during World War II.

L’Enquête agricole (1852)

This survey contains the datasets and questionnaire of the agricultural survey of 1852.

Enquête postale de 1848, L’

This survey contains the dataset of the postal survey of 1848.

La Statistique Générale de la France

This survey includes the following historical statistical datasets relating to France:
Les recensements de 1901 à 1921.
Les mouvements de la population de 1836 à 1925.
L’enseignement primaire et secondaire de 1865 à 1906.
La statistique industrielle de 1861 à 1896.
Les recensements de 1851 à 1921.
Les mouvements de la population de 1800 à 1925.
L’enseignement primaire de 1829 à 1897.
Territoire et population de 1800 à 1890.

Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland

The website of Germanys’ national Statistisches Bundesamt. Not so much historical statistics but useful for contemporary historians. Check out the GENESIS-Online database.

Statistik Schweiz – Bundesamt für Statistik

The website of the Swiss governmental department for statistics.
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Are we missing important websites for historical statistics? Let us know.

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