Using the hammer

Jan and Kasper Luiken, Spiegel van’t menschelyk bedryf (Amsterdam, c.1700), plate 63 De Boeckbinder (The Bookbinder) [detail].

The detailed engraving of a c.1700 Dutch bookbinder shows a binder standing at a post beating folded quires. An early English bookbinding manual advises the binder, when performing this task, to ‘keep his legs close together to avoid hernia’.